The term ‘democratic deficit’ refers to the creation and development of the EU without the direct involvement of the citizens. This is a term spawned from the Western understanding of democracy and legitimacy, concepts that the EU is said to infringe.
Democracy and legitimacy are contentious concepts themselves. Democracy is, according to Brigid Laffin (1999) ‘a set of ideals about the exercise of political authority’. In Western society representative democracy is predominant. People are able to choose between different parties at elections, which compete on a near or equal basis, to form the next Government. This Government will govern in accordance with the people’s wishes, remaining accountable to an elected assembly. The European Union is said to lack these features of choice, competition, elections and accountability which gives